Sunday, June 25, 2023

B.M.I.........BOLLOCKS ,,......

 

Hey!!!!!!!..........look at samo ....the fat detective......i think he was  hawaiian/samoan/phillipino /some asian flail of  sorts  .....he was  a fucking tubby  feller  detective and  was fit and did martial arts .........i am  carrying some puppy fat ........that is  what i would like to call it  ....as i am an old  bastard   ...but puppy fat .....is  okay with me .........so BMI .......is ......and has  always been horse shite .....i think it is a sham to sell shite to fat people  .....and scare them .......i have been carrying weight....... and  work hard .......and i would not mind dropping some fat off my arse  anyways  ........however  look at Whoopi Goldberg ..........that's a tubby women....... she is  still moaning....... and  fucking whining ........ like a pig stuck in a slaughterhouse  turnstile .......i think she is  about 70  ......hey i think it  is a  rip ....liek a lot og   medical bullshit ........but what the fuck do i know  i am  justa  vanilla  gorilla ........

BMI alone is a poor indicator of health, the AMA says. These metrics may be better.

Is BMI a poor way to assess weight and health?
Is BMI the best way to assess weight and health? (Photo illustration: Jack Forbes/Yahoo Life; photos: Getty Images)

What’s happening?

On June 14, the American Medical Association announced its recommendation for doctors to no longer use body mass index (BMI) exclusively as a way to assess wellness.

The decision to move away from relying on the controversial height-to-weight ratio stems partially from the fact that the original data collected was based only on previous generations of non-Hispanic white populations.

In the statement, the AMA said that it "recognizes that relative body shape and composition differences across race/ethnic groups, sexes, genders, and age-span is essential to consider when applying BMI as a measure of adiposity and that BMI should not be used as a sole criterion to deny appropriate insurance reimbursement.”

Instead, the AMA suggests that BMI should be used in conjunction with other tools to measure obesity, such as “measurements of visceral fat, body adiposity index, body composition, relative fat mass, waist circumference and genetic/metabolic factors.”

Why there’s debate

On an individual level, BMI has several drawbacks. But it may be a good tool to track rising or falling obesity rates in a population.

One reason why people like BMI is its simplicity: In order to assess your BMI, you take your weight in kilograms and divide it by the square of your height in meters. Those with a BMI of 25 to 29.9 score are considered overweight, while those above 30 fall into the obese category.

However, it’s the simplicity of this formula that also makes it problematic when assessing individuals. BMI does not account for muscle vs. fat. For example, an athlete may have a low body fat percentage, but a high BMI, due to muscle.

When it comes to health, it also may matter more where you carry fat, which is something BMI can’t tell you. Abdominal fat, for example, has been linked to high blood pressure, Type 2 diabetes and heart disease.

It’s also possible to have a higher than average BMI and be overall healthy, a condition called metabolically benign obesity. This may be due, at least partially, to how different bodies respond to fat. Different racial and ethnic groups may also carry and hold weight differently.

There’s also an important economic reason why BMI should not be the marker of weight and health. Insurance companies may not cover the costs of treatments for people who do not fall into the appropriate category under BMI. For example, in May 2021, the Washington Post reported that a Black woman suffering from an eating disorder was told her BMI was too high for her insurance to cover treatment. She had to pay $800 out of pocket per month.

The tool may also underestimate the number of people who have obesity. A new study presented the annual meeting of the Endocrine Society suggests that BMI misses cases of obesity when obesity is determined by fat vs. muscle percentage.

Perspectives

BMI is an imperfect tool, but one of the few screening options we have

“Right now, the best tool we have that’s readily available in any clinic is going to be screening based on BMI. We need better things. [The AMA policy] is a push in the right direction, but we also have to accept the reality of what we have right now.” — obesity medicine doctor Carolynn Francavilla Brown, STAT News

Focus on BMI can harm the relationship between doctors and patients

“Clinicians' focus on BMI can lead to unproductive weight-related conversations that fracture the doctor-patient relationship and may introduce mistrust. This can lead to patients opting not to follow physician advice, even when that advice is not weight-focused, and not pursuing follow-up care due to faltering trust, a vital element of effective doctor-patient relationships. Additionally, misplaced BMI assessments can unnecessarily divert clinician focus to weight, an easy default but often misguided explanation for various signs and symptoms, and can result in missed diagnoses, sometimes with grave consequences.” — S. Bryn Austin, professor of social and behavioral sciences at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, and Dr. Tracy K. Richmond, assistant professor of pediatrics at Harvard Medical School, MedPage Today

BMI may be more accurate than we assume in finding revealing excess body fat

“Despite its limitations and notorious counter-examples, BMI is highly related to body fat and correctly categorizes people as having excess body fat more than 80 percent of the time. Additional simple measurements such as waist circumference may be even more informative because they provide information about where fat is distributed in the body.” — Kevin D. Hall, senior investigator at the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Washington Post

Waist-to-hip ratio can assess where more dangerous fat is better than BMI

"A person’s waist-to-hip ratio is by far a better tool to use than BMI as it considers the area where fat is most likely to be problematic — the waist. 'When we carry adipose (body fat) in our midsection, it increases our risk for cardiometabolic diseases like heart disease and type 2 diabetes.'" — Dr. Fatima Cody Stanford, an obesity medicine physician, VeryWell Health

Relative fat mass (RFM) index may be better measurement, without the need for a scale

"The team of researchers behind RFM say it's more accurate than BMI, and it can also be worked out with just a tape measure — so you don't need a set of scales to calculate it, as you do with BMI. In the case of RFM, it's the distance around your waist in relation to your height that counts, rather than your weight. The researchers say that gives a better idea of whether someone's body fat is at a healthy level or not. 'We wanted to identify a more reliable, simple and inexpensive method to assess body fat percentage without using sophisticated equipment,’ says lead researcher Orison Woolcott, from the Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Calif. ‘Our results confirmed the value of our new formula in a large number of subjects. Relative fat mass is a better measure of body fatness than many indices currently used in medicine and science, including the BMI.’” — ScienceAlert

Weight is still something to discuss with your health care provider, even if BMI isn’t used

“The thing I don’t want to happen as a result of this is that people of color and Black people in particular ignore BMI and discussing excess body weight with a health care professional because they misunderstand the intent here. The goal is to personalize how BMI is used in medical decision-making and to move away from blanket generalizations that can lead to stigma and bias.” — Dr. Jamy Ard, professor of epidemiology and prevention at the Wake Forest University School of Medicine, CNN

Wellness, parenting, body image and more: Get to know the who behind the hoo w


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